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MSS 302

[Donald R. Wright Papers on Mandinka origins, history, and culture in Gambia, Senegal, & Guinea-BissAdd to your cart.

Table of Contents

Contact Infomation:

Special Collections

Michigan State University Libraries

100 Main Library

East Lansing, MI 48824

517.884.6471

E-mail:spc@mail.lib.msu.edu

URL: http://specialcollections.lib.msu.edu

Date Received:

nknown

Date Processed:

Unknown

Acquisitions Information:

Unknown

Preferred Citation:

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information:  Box number, Folder number and/or title, Donald Wright Papers, MSS 302, Special Collections, MSU Libraries, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Copyright Notice:

Copyright is retained by the author of the items in this archive, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Usage Restrictions:

There are no restrictions on the access of this collection.

Photoduplication Restrictions:

Contact Special Collections

Collection Summary:

This collection chiefly comprises transcripts of recordings by Donald R. Wright from Sept. 7 1974 to March 20 1975 at various villages, chiefly in The Gambia, some in Senegal, relating to Gambian history, especially the Kingdom of Niumi and related states, notably Kaabu, in what is now Guinea-Bissau. Also included are a substantial number of interviews carried out in 1967 by S. M. Cissoko on related subjects, later transcribed by Dr. Wright. In addition there are several archival documents on The Gambia of the eighteenth century copied from British repositories, papers from the Conference on the Oral Traditions of Kaabu in Dakar in 1980, and several publications of the Oral History and Antiquities Division, Banjul.

Most of the interviews were done in The Gambia, almost all in Mandinka language, some in English or Wolof. The interviews were chiefly with Mandinka village elders and griots, and with B. K. Sidibe (and others) as interpreter.

The collection is complemented by two other related collections of copies of Donald Wright’s papers: one in the Oral History and Antiquities Division, The Gambia, the other in the Archives of Traditional Music, Indiana University, Bloomington (deposited by Dr. Wright in 1975, and where it is known as [Senegal and Gambia, Mandinka, Serer and Fula, 1974-1975] collected by Donald R. Wright (40 sound cassettes + documentation). The MSU copy, made on the suggestion and with the permission of Professor Wright, lacks the sound recordings, but includes some papers apparently not held in these other collections, including papers from the Kaabu Conference.

The MSU collection is a photocopy of the original material that was loaned by Professor Wright (History Department, SUNY-Cortland), who retains the originals.

Historical Background:

Unknown

Processing Note:

Inventory by Peter Limb.

Arrangement:


Box

Folder

Description

1

1

Kuyate, Kemo, Saba. ‘Account of Kemo Kuyate, griot … Narrative on the History of Niumi, Sept. 15, 1974, in Banjul. Recorded by Donald R. Wright. Interpreter B. K. Sidibe. Translated by Binta Janneh. 12 leaves; The Story of Kaabu: The Fall of Kaabu’ by B. K. Sidibe, 17, 3 leaves.

 

2

Darboe, Alhaji, in Juffure, Niumi, The Gambia. Recorded by Donald R. Wright, Dec. 15, 1974. 9 leaves.

 

3

Darbo, Alhaji Seku Momodu Lamin, on history of Niumi, recorded in Diabugu Wharf Town by Donald R. Wright Jan. 19, 1975. 12, leaves (2 copies).

  4

Darbo, Sidiya, recorded in Sanyang, Kombo, The Gambia, Dec. 27 1974 by Donald R. Wright. 4 leaves.

 

5

Demba, Afang Abdu, in Bantaba, Bali with Bakary Ndow, Bakary Demba, and Lamin Bojang. Recorded Dec. 16 1975 by Donald Wright on Bali, Demba and Jokadu history. 8 leaves.

 

6

Diba, Fode, Kemo, recorded in Farafenye, Baddibu, The Gambia, recorded by S. M. Cissoko, 1967. Transcribed by D. R. Wright. 3, 5, leaves.

 

7

Dione, Koji, a brief potpourri on Djilor history, recorded in Mbodj compound in Djilor, Feb. 10 1975 by Donald Wright. 1 leaf.

 

8

Djilor History of: letter of Amadou Faye to ‘M. Les Historiens’, June 4, 1971, 3 leaves; ‘History of Djilor N’Diognique by Amadou Faye … Kaolack, 1 April 1968’ 9 leaves ; (and another copy, handwritten).

 

9

Fati, Afang Seku, with Mansane Sekan, marabouts of Ajamdu, Niumi, The Gambia, on the history of Aljamdu and aspects of the coming of Islam to Niumi, recorded Dec. 14 1974 in Aljamdu by Donald Wright, 10 leaves.

 

10

Fati, Faraba Lamin, leatherworker, from Kinti Kunda, Marong, Kunda, Baddibu, recorded at Wellington Flats, Banjul, Oct. 16 1974 (17 leaves), and March 20, 1975 (9 leaves), by Donald Wright, and partial translation (4 leaves).

 

11

Fofana, Ismail, of Dasalami with Bakarinding Jiba, recorded at Dasalami, Dec. 16 1974 by Donald Wright. 5 leaves.

 

12

Fofana, Keba Kanyi, of Juffure, 10 leaves; another version, recorded Sept. 29 1974, by Donald Wright. Also reciting Demba Danso, and Alhaji Darboe, 6 leaves; account of Alhaji Darboe, same date, 2 leaves; 1 page of notes.

 

13

Jabarteh, Sherif, griot of Konte Kunda in Bani, Baddibu, The Gambia, recorded at Serakunda, Jan. 1 1975 by Donald Wright. 12 leaves (2 copies); account of Jali Bamba Suso, griot, (died 1974) on Niumi history, recorded by Radio Gambia and furnished by The Gambia Cultural Archives. 8 leaves; The Story of the Kintes by Sherif Jebateh, griot, (edited by The Gambia Cultural Archives), 18 leaves.

 

14

Sonko, Landing Nima, in Berending, Nov. 1 1974, by D. Wright. 17, 76 leaves.

 

15

Sonko family of Esseu: Sedu and Boubocar Sonko, recorded by S. M. Cissoko 1967 in Esseu, translated by B.K. Sibide, transcribed by D. Wright. 12 leaves.

 

16

Sonko, Sulayman, Elder of Esseu, recorded in Bakau, New Town Oct. 9 1974 by Donald Wright on Niumi history in general. 8 leaves.

 

17

Jaite, Seku Bakary, in Jabakunda, Baddibu, 1967 by S. M. Cissoko. 3 leaves; another version, 6 leaves.

 

18

Jalon, Sori, farmer, of Katamina, Nyamina, with a king list added at the end by Musa Sowani, recorded at Katamina Jan. 20 1975 by Donald Wright, 15 leaves.

 

19

Jammeh, Landing “Mbamba”, on the history of Jinaki-Barra area of Niumi and Islam in Niumi, recorded in Brikama Dec. 3 1974 by Donald Wright, 24 leaves.

 

20

Janneh, Mbalufele, of Bakau, on slavery and slave trade in Niumi, and on Niumi political organization and army, recorded Sept. 18 and 26 1974, Banjul by Donald Wright, 12 and 10 leaves.

 

21

Jammeh, Seku Ngali, elder of Sitanunku, Niumi, with Sajo Manneh, on early Niumi history, recorded in Sitanunku Sept. 29 1974 by Donald Wright, 5 leaves.

 

22

Jammeh, Alhaji Sekuba, elder of Bakindiki, Niumi: i) recorded in Bakindiki, Sept. 29 1974 by Donald Wright, 9 leaves; ii) recorded by S. M. Cissoko 1967 in Bakendiki, 8 leaves.

 

23

Jammeh, Tamba, ex-chief of Baddibu, in Iliassa, Baddibu: i) recorded by S. M. Cissoko 1967 in Iliassa, 6 leaves; ii) recorded by Bakary Sidibe, Nov. 1971, 7 leaves.

 

24

Janneh, Keba Sambu, of Sika Baduma with Afang Seku Janneh, both marabouts, on Janneh history and origins of Sika, and Islamic practices. Recorded Dec. 15 1974 in Sikaq Baduma by Donald Wright, 6 leaves.

 

25

Jata [or Jatta], Unus, griot of the royal families of Niumi, in Kanuma, Niumi, on Niumi kinglist, mansas, and socio-economic history of Niumi. Recorded Jan. 14 1975 by Donald Wright, 15, 12 leaves (2 copies); another interview with Unus Jatta, in Sanyang, Kombo, Sept. 7 1974 recorded by B.K. Sidibe and D.R. Wright, 10 leaves (2 copies); another interview with Unus Jatta, in Berending, Jan. 7 1974 recorded by D.R. Wright, 19 leaves (2 copies).

 

26

Jatama, Mamadi, recorded in Jimansaar, Baddibu, The Gambia 1967 by S.M. Cissoko. 6 leaves; account of Ismail Jatama, Islamic scholar, in Jimansaar, Baddibu, The Gambia 1967 by S.M. Cissoko. 1 leaf.

 

27

Jatta, Keba, Alkali of Albreda, Niumi, on the history Albreda, recorded Dec. 15 1974 by Donald Wright, in Albreda. 2 leaves.

 

28

Kamara, Mansane, of Sami Koto, with Lamin Bajo, farmers, Recorded Dec. 15 1974 in Sami Koto, by Donald Wright, 7 leaves.

 

29

Keita, Alfa Lalo, elder of Kanuma, on early Niumi history. Recorded Sept. 28 1974 in Kanuma, Niumi, by Donald Wright, 7 leaves.

 

30

Khan, Alhaji Abu, of Kuntair, on the coming of Fulas to the lower Gambia, the coming of Islam to Niumi, and Jokadu-Niumi relations. Recorded Feb. 12 1975 by Donald Wright, 6 leaves.

 

31

Laoube, Samba, of Kahon with Baboucar Senn and Malik Sarr, on the history of the Guelowar and of Saloum, and Saloum-Niumi/Baddibu relations. Recorded Feb. 4 1975 in Kahone, by Donald Wright, 21 leaves.

 

32

Mambore, Jimbiti, of Kubendar with Baba Cham, Sambujang Marong and Terima Mambure, on Kubenda and Baddibu history. Recorded Jan. 21 1975 in Kubendar, by Donald Wright, 14 leaves.

 

33

Manjang, Alhaji Lamini in Brikamanding, on Sonko and Kaabu history. Recorded Jan. 18 1975 by Donald Wright, 10 leaves.

 

34

Manka, Malali, farmer of Mandore, with Miliki Konte, on Sonko history. Recorded Jan. 21 1975 in Mandore, by Donald Wright, 3 leaves.

 

35

Manneh, Jere, in Bunyadu with Brahima Manneh, on Niumi history, recorded Jan. 2 1975 by Donald Wright, 19 leaves (2 copies); another interview, on early Niumi history. Recorded Sept. 28 1974 by Donald Wright, 14 leaves.

 

36

Manneh, Keba of Jurunku with Bakary Sanko and Sherif Manjang, on Jurunku history. Recorded Dec. 15 1974 by Donald Wright, 11 leaves.

 

37

Marong, Lamin, of Yindia, 1967 by S.M. Cissoko. 9 leaves.

 

38

Mbodj, Alfa, of Djilor, on history of Djilor, Serere population movements. Recorded Feb. 10 1975 by Donald Wright, 13 leaves.

 

39

Naso, Wula, of Wuropana, Senegal, on Sonko and Wuropana history. Recorded Jan. 18 1975 by Donald Wright, 7 leaves.

 

40

Ndiaye, Lat Grand, of Diakhao, on Guelowar and Siin history. Recorded Feb. 5 1975 by Donald Wright, 10 leaves.

 

41

Ndong, Frans Coumba, in Joal with Diemle Ndong, Wali Diene and Pierre Ndong, on Joal history. In Wolof. Recorded Feb. 6 1975 by D. Wright, 6 leaves.

 

42

Ndure, Lamin (San Batisse), of Mbissel, on Guelowar history. In Wolof. Recorded Feb. 6 1975 by Donald Wright, 4 leaves.

 

43

Njie, Karamo, of Berending, on coming of Islam to Niumi, slavery, and political organization. Recorded Nov. 2-3 and 13 1974 by Donald Wright, 7, 5, 2 leaves.

 

44

Samateh, Jere of Tuba Kolong, Niumi, on history of Tuba Kolong and Islam in Niumi. Recorded Dec. 14 1974 by Donald Wright, 12 leaves; a list of Samatah Alkalis of Tuba Kolong, 1 leaf.

 

45

Samba, Abdoulie, formerly of Sanjal, on Baddibu, Niumi and Saloum history. Recorded in the Gambian Cultural Archives, Banjul, Nov. 12 1974 by Donald Wright, 14 leaves.

 

46

Sane, Alfang Mamadou, of Bani with Ibrahima Bojang and Bakary Marong. Recorded 1967 by S.M. Cissoko, 12 leaves.

 

47

Sanneh, Isaac, of Bali with Bakary Demba, on Jokadu-Niumi war, Demba family of Bali. Recorded Feb. 12 1975 by Donald Wright, 4 leaves

 

48

Sanneh, Joloding, of Jamara Sarakonda, on Sonko history. Recorded Jan. 18 1975 by Donald Wright, 8 leaves

 

49

Sanneh, Nyanko, in Brikama, on the coming of Mannehs to Niumi. Recorded Dec. 24 1974 by Donald Wright, 7 leaves; also, interview recorded 1967 by S.M. Cissoko, 13 leaves

 

50

Sanyang, Landing, of Kwinella, with Bakary Sanyang and Manu Sanyang, on Kiang history and installation of mansas. Recorded Jan. 20 1975 by Donald Wright, 10 leaves

 

51

Sanyang, Lansana, of Berefet, on Manneh family. Recorded Sept. 27 1974 by Donald Wright, 3 leaves.

 

52

Sara, Birame, of Djilor with Jegan Bop, Baba Loom and Wali Ndiaye. Recorded Feb. 10 1975 by Donald Wright, 16 leaves.

 

53

Sekan Demba, Kadi of Tambana, with Suti Barong Sekan, on Jokadu Revolution from Niumi and founding of Tambana. Recorded Feb. 12 1975 by Donald Wright, 9 leaves.

 

54

Senn, Omar, of Baria with Mamadou Surr, Nfamara Surr and Brahim Jatama, on Baria relations with Niumi and origins of the people of Baria. Recorded Feb. 11 1975 by Donald Wright, 5 leaves.

 

55

Sonko, Alhaji Bakary, in Sedhiou, Casamance, Senegal, on Sonko history, Recorded 1967 by S.M. Cissoko, 5 leaves.

 

56

Sonko Alhaji Landing Omar, of Sika, on Sika and Sonko history. Recorded in Bafuloto, Niumi, Dec. 15 1974 by Donald Wright, 7 leaves.

 

57

Sonko, Alhaji Maranta of Essau, grandson of the last mansa of Niumi. Recorded Nov. 20 1974 by Donald Wright, 15 leaves. In English.

 

58

Sonko, Alhaji Umar (100 years old), of Kanuma, on Niumi history. Recorded Sept. 28 1974 by Donald Wright, 14 leaves.

 

59

Sonko, Ansumana, of Badume, Jarra, The Gambia, with Karamo Sonko, farmers, on the history of the Sonkos and of Jarra. Recorded Jan. 20 1975 by Donald Wright, 8 leaves (including Jarra kinglist).

 

60

Sonko, Bakary, the Alkaali of Berending. Recorded 1967 by S.M. Cissoko, 7 leaves.

 

61

Suso, Jali Bamba, griot who died in 1974, on Niumi history, recorded by Radio Gambia and furnished by the Gambia Cultural Archives, Banjul. 8 leaves.

 

62

‘The Oral Traditions of Kaabu: An Historiographical Essay on Some Problems Connected with Their Finding, Collection, Evaluation and Use,’ by Winifred F. Galloway. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, 19th-24th May, 1980. 26 leaves.

 

63

‘The Nyancos of Kaabu’ by B.K. Sidibe. 37, 15 leaves.

 

64

Kaabu:

 

 

i) Sékéné Mody Cissoko, ‘Introduction à l’histoire des Mandingues de l’Ouest: l’empire de Kabou (XVIè-XIXè siècle), paper to Conference on Manding Studies, SOAS, London 1972 (pp. 1, 10-11, 15-17);

ii) ‘Introduction: How the Work of the Gambia Cultural Archives Began’, 31 leaves;

iii) ‘Introduction’, 3 leaves.

 

65

Lorimer, George (Commissioner, North Bank Province), ‘Report on the History and Previous Native Administration of Niumiside, and more especially of Lowe Niumi ….’ [ca. 1942?], Gambia P.R.O 2/2390, 7, [4] leaves; two leaves from an unidentified work on Niumi.

 

66

Fuladu: four chapters of an unidentified work on Fuladu (on Kaabu and its fall, Alfa Molo, Bakari Demba, and the rise of the state of Fuladu) ca. 100 leaves.

 

67

[Archival papers from British repositories] from: Bedfordshire County Office (1798); Lancashire County Office; Sheffield City Libraries; Northamptonshire Record Office (1755-7); Estudos de Cartografia Antiga, Lisboa (on Niumi, 1696-7); East Riding Record Office/Humberside County Council, 1724).

 

68

Republic of The Gambia, Population Census 1973 Provisional Report (1973).

 

69

‘The Story of Kaabu’ by B.K. Sidibe. 21 leaves.

 

70

‘The Nyanchos of Kaabu’ by B.K. Sidibe, 42, 7, 3 leaves.

 

71

‘A Working Map of Kaabu with a shortlist of some Kaabu States and related areas’ by Winifred Galloway, OHAD, Banjul, 12, [6 maps] leaves.

 

72

‘The Battle of Kansala’ / reciter Sana Kuyate ; compiled and edited by B.K. Sidibe (Banjul: Oral History and Antiquities Division, Vice President’s Office, May 1980), 25 leaves.

 

73

Alhaji Mohammed Farang NJie by Momodou Kuyat ; translated by B K Sidibe & Isatou Konte ; edited by B K Sidibe and Jill Kenrick (Banjul: Oral History and Antiquities Division, Old National Library, 1980), 71 leaves.

 

74

‘Who are the Dyula’ by Donald R. Wright, October 31, 1967, 5 leaves.

 

75

‘Kombo. Brikama, 1967’. [‘1967 S. M. Cissoko]. ‘Recorded at Alkaali’s compound with Alkaali and elders present.’ 25 leaves (leaf 18 is missing).

 

76

Village of Bani, Bakari Marong. 23 leaves.

 

77

‘Landing Sali Sonko’. Recorded in 1967 in Esseu, by S. M. Cissoko. 25 leaves.

 

78

Kelefa Saane by Sana Kuyate ; edited by Alex Trilling ; translated by Abdoulie Bayo and Lamin Jaame. (English translation from the Mandinka of the griot Sana Kuyare, performed in June 1979). (Banjul: Oral History and Antiquities Division, Vice President’s Office, Old National Library, May 1980), 86 pp.

 

79

‘An Outline History of Pachesi’ by Ralphina Phillott Almeida, Vice-Principal, Gambia College, Banjul, May, 1980. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19th-24th May, 1980. 15 leaves.

 

80

‘Tiraamakang: Background to the Migrations from Manding to Kaabu’ edited by B. K. Sidibe from an oral account by Lasana Kuyate of Chewo Lawo, The Casamance, May 1980. Paper to First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, 19-24 May, 1980. 29 leaves.

 

81

‘Tiramakang: Background to the Migrations from Manding to Kaabu’. 26 leaves.

 

82

‘Origine du Gabu et Genealogie des Rois du Gabu’ de Moussa Balla Mane. 2 leaves. [Paper to First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, 19-24 May, 1980]

 

83

‘Kaabu Origins and Aspects of Early Political Evolution as Narrated by Alhaji Foday Ngansumana Sanneh’ edited by Phoday Saikouba Jarjussey. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, 19th-24th May, 1980. 5 leaves.

 

84

‘Islam and Local Religion in Kaabu from the Thirteenth to the Mid Nineteenth Century’ by M. Renner. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19th-24th May, 1980. 15, 2 leaves.

 

85

‘The Griots of Kaabu According to Some of their own Traditions’ by Seni Darbo. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19th-24th May, 1980. 15 leaves.

 

86

‘Le Gaabu et Le Fuuta Jalon’ par Thierno Diallo, Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19th-24th May, 1980. 16 leaves.

 

87

‘De l’organisation Politique du Kabou’ Sekene Mody Cissoko. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19-24 May, 1980. 13 leaves.

 

88

A Sourcebook on The Fall of Kansala and The Life of Janke Waali compiled and edited … by Alex Trilling (Banjul: Oral History and Antiquities Division, June 1980). 22 leaves.

 

89

‘Les Relations de L’ancien Gabou avec Quelques Etats et Peuples Voisins’ par Teixeira Da Mota. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19-24 May, 1980. 24 leaves.

 

90

Janke Waali through His Installation recited by Sana Kuyate ; compiled and edited by B. K. Sidibe (Banjul: Oral History and Antiquities Division, Vice President's Office, Old National Library, May 1980), 18 leaves.

 

91

‘Origines et Migrations des Peuples du Ngabu’ version du Doyen Lansana Sane de Kankelefa. 8 leaves.

 

92

‘La Tradition Orale du Gabou’ de Dembo Kanoute. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19-24 May, 1980. 5 leaves.

 

93

‘Yindia Baddibu’. ‘1967 S. M. Cissoko.’ 17 leaves.

 

94

‘Jimansaar’. ‘Recorded 1967, S. M. Cissoko.’ 12 leaves.

 

95

‘Sekuba Jamme of Bakendiki. ‘Recorded in 1967 at Bakendiki by S. M. Cissoko.’ 16 leaves.

 

96

‘Nyanchos’. 13 leaves [leaves 4, 12 missing]

 

97

‘Commercialization of Peanuts on the Upper Guinea Coast in the Nineteenth Century: Prologue to the Colonial Era’ George Brooks. 50 leaves. Ca. 1973 or 4.

 

98

‘Le Gabou dans les Traditions Orales Serrer’ du Henri Gravand (M’Bour). Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, 19-24 May, 1980. 21 leaves.

 

99

‘Quelques Precisions sur les Relations entre L’empire du Mali et le Gabou’ par Madina Ly-Tall. Paper to the First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19-24 May, 1980. 6 leaves.

 

100

A Listing of Some Kaabu States and Associated Areas: signposts towards state-by-state research in Kaabu by Winifred Galloway (Banjul: Oral History & Antiquities Division, May 1980). Paper to First International Kaabu Colloquium, Dakar, Senegal, 19-24 May, 1980. 58 leaves, map.




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