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MSS 389

Gilberto V. and Minerva T. Martinez PapersAdd to your cart.

Table of Contents

Contact Infomation:

Special Collections

MSU  Libraries

366 W. Circle Drive

East Lansing, MI 48824

517.884.6471

E-mail:spc@mail.lib.msu.edu

URL: http://specialcollections.lib.msu.edu

Date Received:

2007

Date Processed:

2012

Acquisitions Information:

The materials were donated by Gilberto V. and Minerva T. Martinez to Michigan State University.  Items purchased are noted.

Preferred Citation:

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information:  Box number, Folder number and/or title, Gilberto V. and Minerva T. Martinez Papers, MSS 389, Special Collections, MSU Libraries, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Copyright Notice:

Copyright is retained by the author of the items in this archive, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Usage Restrictions:

There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.

The  Gilberto V. and Minerva T. Martinez Papers will be open and available for use in the Special Collections Reading Room.

Photoduplication Restrictions:

Contact Special Collections

Collection Summary:

The collection of files, photographs and illustrations, news clippings, articles, realia and memorabilia focuses on artists and exhibits, political events and parties such as La Raza Unida and business ventures in broadcasting and communications.

Gilberto Martinez was an active supporter of establishing a new political party in Crystal City, Texas, the “Spinach Capital.” In a town where Chicanos were the majority, an alternate party, La Raza Unida, gained force quickly in the late 1960’s and took control of town and school government in the early 1970’s. This series contains documents, reports, news clippings and photographs, most of which pertain to the story of La Raza Unida in Crystal City, and the party’s expansion to other areas of the U.S. It also contains Martinez’ research and reports on assisting community organizations in Texas and elsewhere in acquiring free cable, radio, and television broadcast time and the requirements for establishing a television and audio production facility.

The collection consists of 4 boxes of materials related to Michigan and Texas.  Books, journals and serials received with the donation have been separated from the boxes, cataloged and shelved.  A large collection of poster art and an oversized scrapbook were purchased from the Martinez’s and are also housed separately. (see attached list of posters). The scrapbook included clippings, political decals, broadsides and flyers collected from 1970-1977.  Newspapers clipped include:

Chicano Times

Cristal Sentinal (Crystal City)

South Texas Star

San Antonio Express News

Corpus Christi Caller

Zavala County Newsletters

This collection is part of the José Treviño Chicano/Latino Activism Collections at MSU.

Historical Background:

Gilberto and Minerva Martinez’ personal papers cover the years from approximately 1971 to 1997. They mainly consist of personal calendar books, news clippings and a small collection of personal correspondence, resumes and legal documents in Series 1.  Series 2 is a collection of materials related to media and political projects outside of Michigan that Gilberto Martinez was involved in. Martinez was an active supporter of establishing a new political party in Crystal City, Texas, the “Spinach Capital.” In a town where Chicanos were the majority, an alternate party, La Raza Unida, gained force quickly in the late 1960’s and took control of town and school government in the early 1970’s. This series contains documents, reports, news clippings and photographs, most of which pertain to the story of La Raza Unida in Crystal City, and the party’s expansion to other areas of the U.S. It also contains Martinez’ research and reports on assisting community organizations in Texas and elsewhere in acquiring free cable, radio, and television broadcast time and the requirements for establishing a television and audio production facility.

 

Martinez’s activities in Michigan included work as a newspaper publisher (Sol de Aztlan), community leader and organizer helping to establish radio and television programming through Michigan State University to the mid-Michigan Latino population.  He was involved not only with mentoring and counseling Latino prison population and civil rights causes, but also running a business and supporting community groups. Series 3 contains papers relating to those activities, including detailed business records, reports, correspondence, and general information, dating from the 1970’s. Series 4 includes materials on artists and their work that the Martinez knew. Series 5 and 6 include realia such as awards, documents and of note two flags: 1 Texas state flag and 1 US flag.  Of particular note is the history of the flags in Series 5.  The flags were those flown over the Zavala County Courthouse on the eve of the La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) defeating the incumbents. LRUP won city and county-wide elections, ousting an all-white minority administration and winning control of the Crystal City school board, the mayor’s office, the office of the drainage commissioner and county judgeships. After being lowered, the Texas flag was embossed with a the LRUP logo and came into Martinez possession along with this U.S. flag. The Texas flag was later loaned out for use in Chicano civil rights marches as far north as Wisconsin. Series 6 is comprised of an oversized scrapbook of newspaper clippings and ephemera related to La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) activities in Crystal City and Zavala County Texas from ca. 1970-1977.

Processing Note:

Processed by Diana Huizar Rivera.

Arrangement:


The Martinez papers have been organized into five series
       
I.    Personal Papers
II.  Media and politics (outside of Michigan)
III.  Media and politics (within Michigan)
IV. Artists and their work (including many of Martinez photographs
V.  Oversize items  
       
4 boxes of books, journals, serials and posters separated from the manuscript materials and added to the collection
       
And its activities in Crystal City and Zavala County Texas from ca. 1970-1977.  Many of the news articles are on José Angel Gutierrez, a co-founder and leader in LRUP. Political decals of note include O. Zeta Acosta, a Chicano author, politician and attorney/activist in the Chicano movement.
       
Series I. Personal Papers (12 folders)
Gilberto and Minerva Martinez personal papers cover the years from approximately 1971 to 1997. They mainly consist of personal calendar books, news clippings and a small collection of personal correspondence, resumes and legal documents.
       
Box Folder   Description
1 1   Resumes, correspondence, legal documents
1 2   Awards
1 3   Contact Lists
1 4   Misc. Press clippings re. Latino issues (circa 1976)
1 5   Misc. Press clippings. Chicago Sun-Times(circa 1971)
1 6   Calendars (1976, 1977)
1 7   Calendars (1979, 1982)
1 8   Calendars (1983, 1985)
1 9   Calendars (1986, 1987)
1 10   Calendars (1990, 1997)
1 11   Arafat, Yasser (inscribed color photo)
1 12   Bustamante, Jorge Agustin (resume & misc.)
       
Series II. Media and politics (outside Michigan) (38 folders)
Gilberto Martinez was an active supporter of establishing a new political party in Crystal City, Texas, the “Spinach Capital.” In a town where Chicanos were the majority, an alternate party, La Raza Unida, gained force quickly in the late 1960’s and took control of town and school government in the early 1970’s. This series contains documents, reports, news clippings and photographs, most of which pertain to the story of La Raza Unida in Crystal City, and the party’s expansion to other areas of the U.S. It also contains Martinez research and reports on assisting community organizations in Texas and elsewhere in acquiring free cable, radio, and television broadcast time and the requirements for establishing a television and audio production facility.
       
Box Folder   Description
1 13   International Economic Enterprises, Inc.
1 14   MTZ Frames, Inc.
1 15   OTOMI Media Productions
1 16   Cable – Proposals for cable Systems in State of Montana, etc.
1 17   Cable – Saltillo Cable Project
1 18   Cardenas, Cuantemoc
1 19   Chicano Athlete Biographies
1 20   Committee For Rural Democracy (Crystal City, TX)
1 21   Compean, Mario. Press Release/Statement on Candidacy for San Antonio TX City Council, March 8, 1969
1 22   Crystal City Independent School District (Audio Visual Project)
1 23   Crystal City, Zavala County, TX
1 24   Culture:  Northwest Rural Opportunities (Sunnyside, WA) Cultural Exchange Program
1 25   Culture:  Program for “Cuadro de la Revolucion:  Presented by  Ballet Folklorico en Aztlan"
1 26   Five-Day Seminar for Mexican Delegation (1978)
1 27   Fondo de Cultura Agreement
1 28   Gutierrez, Jose Angel – Correspondence, articles, photographs and speech
1 29   Gutierrez, Jose Angel – Lansing MI interview
1 30   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP)
1 31   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) Ten Year Reunion Banner [realio]
1 32   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) – California – State Conference 1972
1 33   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) – Indiana
1 34   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) – Michigan
1 35   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) – Texas
1 36   La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) – Wisconsin
1 37   Martinez, Rosario Ochoa
1 38   MAYO (Mexican American Youth Organization) Conferences, 1969  see also photographs Box 2 Folder 28
1 39   Mexican Immigrants in Texas
1 40   Chicano Moratorium
1 41   National Mobilization Committee (Farmworkers)
1 42   National Raza Youth Conference, Austin TX – Agendas, Misc.
1 43   Radio – White Papers
1 44   Reyes, Domingo “Nick”
1 45   Royal Chicano Air Force (RCAF).  Royal Order of the Jalapeño
1 46   University of Wisconsin – Madison.  MECHA
1 47   Unpublished Papers
1 48   Veterans of the Mexican Revolution
1 49   WOPA, WGLD/FM  Financial Report (Oak Park, IL)
1 50   Zapatistas – Lucio Cabanas
       
Series III.  Media and Politics (within Michigan) (14 folders)
Martinez’ activities in Michigan included not only civil rights causes, but running a business and supporting community groups.  This series contains papers relating to all those activities, including detailed business records, reports, correspondence, and general information, dating from the 1970’s.
       
Box Folder   Description
2 1   Chicano Music Industry in Michigan
2 2   Citizens for Jose Zurita (Flint, MI)
2 3   Hispanic Americans Striving Toward Advancement (HASTA)
2 4   Ingham County Chicanos
2 5   Martinez, Efrain
2 6   Michigan Migrant Legal Associaton
2 7   Midwest Chicanos – Mexican Trip
2 8   Model Cities, Lansing MI
2 9   Pinto Project, Michigan
2 10   Quinto Sol, Lansing, MI
2 11   Quinto Sol – Awards
2 12   Quinto Sol – Publicity
2 13   Restaraunte Modular, Lansing MI
2 14   SER Jobs for progress Inc. (Proposals)
2 15   Sol de Aztlan (1 of 2) articles of incorporation
       
Series IV.  Artists and their Work (27 folders)
Box Folder   Description
2 16   Sol de Aztlan (2 of 2) poetry and photography
2 17   Commission on Spanish Speaking Affairs (Members lists)
2 18   UFWOC Boycott Heublein
2 19   Arte:  Articles
2 20   Arte:  Exposiones/Exhibits
2 21   Criach, Enrique
2 22   Fiesta del Sol, Chicago IL
2 23   Fiesta Mexicana Milwaukee WI
2 24   Flores, Leopoldo (Mexican artist)  [Exhibition Catalog & 6 photos]
2 25   Guerrero, Julio & Cesar - Correspondence & original art
2 26   Images of the Revolution [Augustin V. Casasola] Exhibit Programs
2 27   Intercambio Chicamex (Correspondence & Contracts)
  28   Photography:  includes images of David Hollister, Richard Santos,Mexican American Youth Organization Conference, East Lansing, Michigan, Jose Angel Gutierrez, Juan Marinez, Carlos Guerra, Brown Berets, Student Activist event in Lansing, migrant housing s and several unidentified activities and people condition
2 29   Ligori, Fernando [illustrator/graphic artist] @ Sol de Azatlan
2 30   MARCH  (Movimiento Artistico Chicano) files & miscellaneous
2 31   Mejia Servin, Jaime
2 32   Midwest Canto al Pueblo, Wisconsin
2 33   Photography : Contact Sheets UFWOC – Cesar Chavez March in Washington, D.C.
2 34   Photography: Cesar E. Chavez, R. “Corky” Gonzalez, Dolores Huerta, George McGovern
2 35   Photography:  [Chicano Moratorium (?) by Chicano Institute]
2 36   Photography:  Martinez, GV – negatives
2 37   Photography:  Mexico
2 38   Sahagon, Jesus Sepulveda
2 39   Siqueiros, [David Alfaro] Exhibits
2 40   Photography -Teatro Campesino de California broadslide of Wayne State University event and color images of Daniel Valdez, on tour in Lansing, MI
2 41   Torrez, David.  Illustrations of “Captain Chicano by the originator and artist.
2 42   Introduction to Chicano Studies Syllabus…Narciso Aleman
       
Series V. Realia (see note below) (13 folders)
Box Folder   Description
3 1   Black & White Photographs Panels (11) used for segment on WKAR “Tele-Revista” program on farmworkers (1968?)
3 2   Event posters (2 c. “Jose Angel Gutierrez at Central Michigan University, March 1981; 3 c. “Mexposicion 1978 June 15 – July 19/ La Mujer: A Visual Dialogue” Art Exhibit.)
3 3   Presidential Escort/Service Vehicle Identification Plate (Lopez – Portillo, 1976-1982)
3 4   Negatives (2) to Anti-Bicentennial Decal
3 5   Decals: (2) Chicano Moratorium (1969?); (1) unidentified
3 6   Hollister small campaign button; Porfirio Munoz Ledo card; “Numero Uno” large campaign button
3 7   Large photographs (2)
3 8A & B   the Jackson Prison inmate group. (See related information in Box 1, Folder 2 and Box 2, Folder 3)
3 9A&B   Flags (2): United States, Texas.
       
Note from donor Gilberto V. Martinez, as told to D.H. Rivera:
The flags were those flown over the Zavala County Courthouse on the eve of the La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) defeating the incumbents. LRUP won city and county-wide elections, ousting an all-white minority administration and winning control of the Crystal City school board, the mayor’s office, the office of the drainage commissioner and county judgeships. After being lowered, the Texas flag was decorated with a silk-screening of the LRUP logo and came into the possession of Gilberto V. Martinez (along with this U.S. flag). The Texas flag was later loaned out for use in Chicano civil rights marches as far north as Wisconsin.
       
Box Folder   Description
3 10   Chichamex Articles of Incorporation
3 11   Torrez, David.  Captain Chicanocomic original graphics
       
4     Sol de Aztlanissue mock-ups and negatives
      One oversized scrapbook of newspaper clippings, broadsides and political decals pertaining to La Raza Unida Party (LRUP) and its activities in Crystal City and Zavala County Texas from ca. 1970-1977.  Many of the news articles are on José Angel Gutierrez, a co-founder and leader in LRUP. Political decals of note include O. Zeta Acosta, a Chicano author, politician and attorney/activist in the Chicano movement. Unfortunately over time as Gilberto Martinez loaned the scrap book to people, many clippings disappeared.
      Acosta ran for Los Angeles County Sheriff in 1970.  He was the subject of Hunter Thompsons book/movie Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.
      Bylines include Richard G. Santos writing a series on the Battle of the Alamo.



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