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Justin S. Morrill papers

Identifier: LG-1

Scope and Contents

The 10,600 items in the papers of Justin Smith Morrill (1810-1898) cover a period of almost a century, 1825-1923. The bulk (1854-1898) of the collection was generated during Morrill’s long legislative career as U.S. representative and senator during which tenures he served on many important congressional committees.

This collection on microfilm includes the 50 bound volumes of correspondence and 28 containers of miscellaneous papers such as correspondence, Senate and House reports and documents, remarks, speeches, invitations, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and scrapbooks.

Much of the correspondence relates to Morrill’s efforts as a congressional representative in behalf of the tariff act, which bears his name and of his sponsorship of the Morrill Land Grant College Act. Other papers and documents reflect his positions on many post-Civil War economic issues and Reconstruction.

Prominent correspondents include James Gillespie Blaine, Salmon P. Chase, L. E. Chittenden, Schuyler Colfax, Charles Dewey, Hamilton Fish, Horace Greeley, Jedediah H. Harris, Charles Marsh, George Ward Nichols, Carroll Smalley Page, Henry Stephens Randall, A. N. Swain, Stephen Thomas, Adin B. Underwood, and Joseph Wharton.

The finding aid at the Library of Congress was revised in April 2010 and can be found at


  • 1825 - 1923
  • Majority of material found within 1854 - 1898


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Reproduction and publication restricted, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Biographical / Historical

Justin Smith Morrill (1810-1898) was a statesman, financier, merchant, U.S. representative and U.S. senator from Vermont, author of the Morrill Tariff Act (1861) and the Land Grant College Act (1862). A Republican, Morrill served in the House as chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means, and as senator, he was prominent as chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Committee on Finance.

1810, April 14 Born at Strafford, Vermont

1825-1828 Merchant clerk, Strafford, Vermont

1828-1831 Portland, Maine

1831-1848 Merchant clerk, Strafford, Vermont

1841 Married Ruth Barrell Swan

1848 Retired from successful career as merchant in Vermont and engaged in local political activities

1848-1855 Farmer and horticulturist

1855-1867 Member, U.S. House of Representatives; author of Morrill Tariff Act (1861) and Land Grant College Act (1862)

1865-1898 Trustee, University of Vermont

1867-1898 Member, U.S. Senate; chairman of Finance Committee (1877-1879, 1881-1893, 1895-1898). Furthered legislation to complete construction of Washington Monument and to insure the future of the Library of Congress

1883-1898 Regent, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1898, December 28 Died, Washington, D.C.


1 Cubic Feet (, 52 reels (about 10,600 items))

Language of Materials



Organized into three series: 1. General Correspondence and Related Papers. 2. Speeches and Writing. 3. Miscellany. Arranged chronologically and alphabetically.

Ownership and Custodial History

Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Location of Originals

Justin Smith Morrill Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, 2nd St. and Independence Avenue, S.E., Washington D.C., 20540, USA.

Reproduction Note

Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1966. 52 reels ; 35 mm.

Justin S. Morrill Papers
4 Published And Cataloged
Allen H. Kitchens and Bert C. Shopaska (Library of Congress)
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the University Archives and Historical Collections Repository

Conrad Hall
943 Conrad Road, Room 101
East Lansing MI 48824 US