Benjamin Franklin Wade papers
Scope and Content
The papers of Benjamin Franklin Wade span the years 1832-1886, but the bulk falls within the period of his service as a U.S. Senator, 1852-1869.
The collection consists of microfilm almost entirely of correspondence, letters received, and Wade’s letters to his wife, Caroline. One box of miscellany includes routine requests for government documents, printed speeches, letters of James F. Wade (son of Benjamin F.) to his parents, maps, business papers, and printed matter.
A few of the letters are concerned with Wade’s law practice and business affairs, but most of them are political in nature. Many are requests for Wade’s help in obtaining civil or military appointments. Ohio and national politics, including the elections of 1860, 1864, and 1868, secession, the Civil War, the Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War, emancipation, reconstruction, Negro suffrage, and the impeachment of Andrew Johnson are among the subjects treated in the correspondence.
Among the correspondents are James A. Briggs, Salmon P. Chase, Jacob D. Cox, Henry Winter Davis, William Dennison, John W. Forney, James A. Garfield, Joseph H. Geiger, William A. Goodlow, Count Adam G. De Gurowski, Abraham Lincoln, R. F. Paine, Donn Piatt, William S. Rosecrans, William Henry Seward, Green Clay Smith, Edwin McMasters Stanton, and Charles Sumner.
The finding aid at the Library of Congress was revised in 2009 and can be found at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms009336
- 1832 - 1886
- Majority of material found within 1852 - 1869
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Reproduction and publication restricted, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.
Benjamin F. Wade was a lawyer, U.S. senator, and Republican party leader from Ohio. He was associated with the radical wing of the party.
1800, October 27 Born, Feeding Hills, Massachusetts
1821 Moved to Andover, Ohio
1827 Admitted to Ohio bar
1827-1837 Practicing lawyer, Jefferson, Ohio
1835-1837 Prosecuting attorney, Ashtabula County, Ohio
1837 Elected to Ohio state senate
1841 Married Caroline M. Rosekrans
1847 Appointed judge, Third Judicial Circuit
1851-1869 U.S. senator
1852 Supported repeal of Fugitive Slave Law
1859 Supported homestead legislation
1860 Voted against Crittenden Compromise
1861-1865 Chairman, Committee on the Conduct of the War
1864 Introduced Wade-Davis bill, vetoed by Lincoln Issued Wade-Davis Manifesto, criticizing Lincoln
1865 Introduced bill for enfranchisement of Negroes in the District of Columbia
1867 Elected president pro tempore of Senate
1868 Failed of re-election to U.S. Senate
1869 Resumed law practice; general counsel Northern Pacific Railroad; Member, Board of Directors, Union Pacific Railroad
1871 Member, Santo Domingo Commission
1878, March 2 Died, Jefferson, Ohio
0.25 Cubic Feet (, 11 reels (3,500 items))
Language of Materials
Arranged into two series: 1. Correspondence. 2. Miscellany.
Ownership and Custodial History
Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.
Location of Originals
Benjamin Franklin Wade Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, 2nd St. and Indepencence Ave., S.E., Washington, D.C. 20540, USA.
Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1968. 1 reel ; 35 mm.
- African Americans -- Suffrage
- Briggs, James A., -1889 (Correspondent)
- Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873 (Correspondent)
- Cox, Jacob D. (Jacob Dolson), 1828-1900 (Correspondent)
- Davis, Henry Winter, 1817-1865 (Correspondent)
- Dennison, William, 1815-1882 (Correspondent)
- Elections -- United States -- 19th century
- Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881 (Correspondent)
- Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881 (Correspondent)
- Geiger, Joseph H. (Correspondent)
- Goodlow, William A. (Correspondent)
- Gurowski, Adam, 1805-1866 (Correspondent)
- Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875
- Letters (correspondence)
- Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 (Correspondent)
- Ohio -- Commerce
- Ohio -- Politics and government
- Paine, R. F. (Robert F.) (Correspondent)
- Piatt, Donn, 1819-1891 (Correspondent)
- Practice of law -- Ohio
- Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
- Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
- Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898 (Correspondent)
- Secession -- United States
- Seward, William H. (William Henry), 1801-1872 (Correspondent)
- Slaves -- Emancipation -- United States
- Smith, Green Clay, 1826-1895 (Correspondent)
- Stanton, Edwin M. (Edwin McMasters), 1814-1869 (Correspondent)
- Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 (Correspondent)
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States -- Politics and government -- 19th century
- United States. Congress. Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War
- Wade family
- Benjamin Franklin Wade Papers
- 4 Published And Cataloged
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.