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Bayard family papers

Identifier: LG-24

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of microfilm containing diaries, correspondence, diplomatic documents, congressional material, legal and financial papers, newspapers and newspaper clippings. The correspondence of James and Richard Bayard forms the bulk of the collection. Topics include Federalist politics, the repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1800, the recharter of the first Bank of the United States, the War of 1812, and foreign affairs. James Bayard's letters, written while he was a part of the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Ghent, are of special importance. Richard Bayard's correspondence deals with Delaware politics, the Bank of the United States, and diplomatic relations with Belgium while he served in the American Embassy in Brussels. Also included are diplomatic documents, reports concerning the U.S. and British navies, printed texts of speeches given by both men in Congress, presidential election materials (1801), and genealogical material on the Bayard family.

Correspondents of James Bayard include Andrew Bayard, Richard Bassett, John Quincy Adams, R. G. Beasley, Erick Bollman, Henry Clay, Albert Gallatin, James Madison, James Monroe, Count Nikolai Romanzoff.

Richard H. Bayard's correspondents include Henry Clay, John M. Clayton, William L. Marcy, John P. Montgomery, Simon Spearman, William Temple, and Daniel Webster.


  • 1797 - 1868


Language of Materials

Materials in English, French, German, and Russian

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Reproduction and publication restricted, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Biographical / Historical

James Asheton Bayard (1767-1815), a graduate of Princeton College (1784), served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware (1797-1803), as U.S. Senator from Delaware (1805-13), as a member of the U.S. negotiating committee at the Treaty of Ghent (1813-14), and as a member of the U.S. Commission to negotiate a treaty of commerce with Great Britain (1814-1815).

1767, July 28 Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1784 Graduated from Princeton College 1787 Admitted to the bar at New Castle and Philadelphia

1795 Married Ann Bassett

1797-1803 Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware

1805-13 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware

1813-14 Member of the U.S. commission to negotiate the Treaty of Ghent

1814-15 Member of the U.S. commission to negotiate a treaty of commerce with Great Britain

1815, August 6 Died in Wilmington, Delaware

Biographical / Historical

Richard Henry Bayard (1796-1868), son of James Asheton Bayard, also graduated from Princeton College (1814), was mayor of Wilmington, Delaware (1832-1835), U.S. Senator from Delaware (1836-39, 1840-45), Chief Justice of Delaware (1839-41), Brigadier General in the Delaware State Militia (1846), and the American charge d'affaires in Belgium (1850-53).

1796, September 23 Born in Wilmington, Delaware

1805-10 Attended College of St. Mary, Baltimore

1814 Graduated from Princeton College

1815 Married Mary Sophia Carroll

1818 Admitted to the bar at New Castle

1818-32 In private law practice

1832-35 Mayor of Wilmington

1836-39 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware

1839-41 Chief justice of Delaware

1840-45 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware

1846 Appointed brigadier general in the Delaware State Militia

1850-53 U.S. chargé d’affaires, Brussels, Belgium

1868, March 4 Died in Philadelphia


0.1 Cubic Feet (, 5 reels)

Ownership and Custodial History

Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Location of Originals

James A. Bayard and Richard H. Bayard Papers, Library of Congress Manuscript Division, 2nd St. and Independence Ave., S.E., Washington, D.C. 20540, USA.

Reproduction Note

Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1969. 5 reels ; 35 mm.

Bayard Family Papers
4 Published And Cataloged
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the University Archives and Historical Collections Repository

Conrad Hall
943 Conrad Road, Room 101
East Lansing MI 48824 US