Bayard family papers
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of microfilm containing diaries, correspondence, diplomatic documents, congressional material, legal and financial papers, newspapers and newspaper clippings. The correspondence of James and Richard Bayard forms the bulk of the collection. Topics include Federalist politics, the repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1800, the recharter of the first Bank of the United States, the War of 1812, and foreign affairs. James Bayard's letters, written while he was a part of the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Ghent, are of special importance. Richard Bayard's correspondence deals with Delaware politics, the Bank of the United States, and diplomatic relations with Belgium while he served in the American Embassy in Brussels. Also included are diplomatic documents, reports concerning the U.S. and British navies, printed texts of speeches given by both men in Congress, presidential election materials (1801), and genealogical material on the Bayard family.
Correspondents of James Bayard include Andrew Bayard, Richard Bassett, John Quincy Adams, R. G. Beasley, Erick Bollman, Henry Clay, Albert Gallatin, James Madison, James Monroe, Count Nikolai Romanzoff.
Richard H. Bayard's correspondents include Henry Clay, John M. Clayton, William L. Marcy, John P. Montgomery, Simon Spearman, William Temple, and Daniel Webster.
- 1797 - 1868
Language of Materials
Materials in English, French, German, and Russian
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Reproduction and publication restricted, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.
Biographical / Historical
James Asheton Bayard (1767-1815), a graduate of Princeton College (1784), served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware (1797-1803), as U.S. Senator from Delaware (1805-13), as a member of the U.S. negotiating committee at the Treaty of Ghent (1813-14), and as a member of the U.S. Commission to negotiate a treaty of commerce with Great Britain (1814-1815).
1767, July 28 Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1784 Graduated from Princeton College 1787 Admitted to the bar at New Castle and Philadelphia
1795 Married Ann Bassett
1797-1803 Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware
1805-13 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware
1813-14 Member of the U.S. commission to negotiate the Treaty of Ghent
1814-15 Member of the U.S. commission to negotiate a treaty of commerce with Great Britain
1815, August 6 Died in Wilmington, Delaware
Biographical / Historical
Richard Henry Bayard (1796-1868), son of James Asheton Bayard, also graduated from Princeton College (1814), was mayor of Wilmington, Delaware (1832-1835), U.S. Senator from Delaware (1836-39, 1840-45), Chief Justice of Delaware (1839-41), Brigadier General in the Delaware State Militia (1846), and the American charge d'affaires in Belgium (1850-53).
1796, September 23 Born in Wilmington, Delaware
1805-10 Attended College of St. Mary, Baltimore
1814 Graduated from Princeton College
1815 Married Mary Sophia Carroll
1818 Admitted to the bar at New Castle
1818-32 In private law practice
1832-35 Mayor of Wilmington
1836-39 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware
1839-41 Chief justice of Delaware
1840-45 Member of the U.S. Senate from Delaware
1846 Appointed brigadier general in the Delaware State Militia
1850-53 U.S. chargé d’affaires, Brussels, Belgium
1868, March 4 Died in Philadelphia
0.1 Cubic Feet (, 5 reels)
Ownership and Custodial History
Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.
Location of Originals
James A. Bayard and Richard H. Bayard Papers, Library of Congress Manuscript Division, 2nd St. and Independence Ave., S.E., Washington, D.C. 20540, USA.
Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1969. 5 reels ; 35 mm.
- Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 (Correspondent)
- Banks and banking
- Bassett, Richard, 1745-1815 (Correspondent)
- Bayard, Andrew, 1762-1833 (Correspondent)
- Beasley, Reuben Gaunt (Correspondent)
- Belgium -- Foreign relations
- Bollmann, Erick, 1769-1821 (Correspondent)
- Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 (Correspondent)
- Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856 (Correspondent)
- Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
- Delaware -- Politics and government
- Elections -- United States -- 19th century
- Federal Party (U.S.) -- Chronological subdivision--1797-1868; Geographic subdivision--United States;
- Financial records
- Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 (Correspondent)
- Great Britain -- Foreign relations
- Great Britain. Royal Navy
- Letters (correspondence)
- Madison, James, 1751-1836 (Correspondent)
- Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857 (Correspondent)
- Monroe, James, 1758-1831 (Correspondent)
- Montgomery, John Philips (Correspondent)
- Rumi︠a︡nt︠s︡ev, Nikolaĭ Petrovich, graf, 1754-1826 (Correspondent)
- Spearman, Simon (Correspondent)
- Temple, William, 1814-1863 (Correspondent)
- Treaty of Ghent (1814 December 24)
- United States -- Foreign relations -- 19th century
- United States -- History -- War of 1812
- United States -- Politics and government
- United States. Navy
- Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 (Correspondent)
- Whig Party (U.S.)
- Bayard Family Papers
- 4 Published And Cataloged
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.