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James Henry Hammond papers

Identifier: LG-30

Scope and Contents

The James Henry Hammond papers consists of microfilm containing correspondence, diaries, plantation account books and manuals, scrapbooks and manuscript and printed copies of Hammond's speeches reflecting South Carolina and national politics in the decades before the Civil War.

Topics include state's rights, slavery, state banks, the Southern Convention at Nashville, Tennessee (1850), secession, nullification, and the tariff. The plantation books give detailed lists of holdings in land and slaves from 1832 to 1858. Correspondents include A. P. Aldrich, Pierce M. Butler, John C. Calhoun, James Gadsden, James Hamilton, Francis W. Pickens, William C. Preston, R. Barnwell Rhett, William Gilmore Simms, James M. Walker, and others. Also included is a letter book (1774-1776, 1780) of Andrew McLean, a merchant from Savannah and Augusta, Georgia, to Clark and Milligan, London merchants.

The finding aid for the collection at the Library of Congress can be found at


  • 1774 - 1875


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Reproduction and publication restricted, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Biographical Note

James Henry Hammond (1807-1864) was a South Carolina planter who served in the U.S. House (1834), as governor of South Carolina (1842-1844), and in the U.S. Senate (1857-1860).

1807, November 15 Born, Newberry District, South Carolina

1825 Graduated from South Carolina College

1828 Admitted to the South Carolina bar and practiced in Columbia

1830 Established the newspaper, Southern Times

1831 Married Catherine FitzSimons Became a cotton planter at “Silver Bluff” on the Savannah River

1834 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives

1836-37 Toured Europe

1841 Commissioned general in the South Carolina militia

1842-44 Served as Governor of South Carolina

1850 Attended the Southern Convention in Nashville

1855 Moved to “Redcliffe” on Beach Island in the Savannah River

1857-60 Served in the U.S. Senate

1864, November 13 Died, Redcliffe, South Carolina


0.5 Cubic Feet (, 20 reels (8,000 items))

Language of Materials


Ownership and Custodial History

Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Location of Originals

James Henry Hammond Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, 2nd St. and Independence Ave., S.E., Washington, D.C., 20540, USA

Reproduction Note

Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress. 20 reels ; 35 mm.

James Henry Hammond Papers
4 Published And Cataloged
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the University Archives and Historical Collections Repository

Conrad Hall
943 Conrad Road, Room 101
East Lansing MI 48824 US