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Simon Cameron papers

Identifier: LG-27

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of microfilm containing correspondence, reports, speeches, maps, financial records, newspapers and newsclippings, the bulk of which fall in the period 1860-1880. Topics include Cameron's financial affairs, his term as Secretary of War, the Civil War, his ministership to Russia, his Senate career, and retirement after 1877. Correspondents include Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Charles A. Dana, and his son, James D. Cameron, and many others who were associated with Cameron in his long political career.


  • 1738 - 1889


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Reproduction and publication restricted, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Biographical Note

Simon Cameron (1799-1889), journalist and printer from Pennsylvania, had a long and active political career with the Republican Party, which he joined in 1856. He served in the U.S. Senate (1845-1849, 1856-1860, 1872), as Secretary of War to Abraham Lincoln (1861-1862), as Minister to Russia (1862),and as chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1872-1877).

1799, March 8 Born, Donegal, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

1820 Editor, Bucks County Messenger, Doylestown, Pennsylvania

1822 Editor, Pennsylvania Intelligencer, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

1824 Purchased the Republican (newspaper) in Harrisburg

1825[?] Appointed State printer of Pennsylvania

1826 Adjutant general of Pennsylvania

1838 Appointed commissioner to settle accounts with Winnebago Indians

1845-49 Elected and served in seat vacated by James Buchanan in U.S. Senate as a Democrat from Pennsylvania; failed to win reelection

1855 Unsuccessful senatorial candidate

1856 Joined Republican Party on its formation and elected to the U.S Senate from Pennsylvania

1860 Unsuccessful as candidate for Presidential and Vice-Presidential nominations

1861, March Appointed Secretary of War by Lincoln

1862, January Resigned from cabinet; appointed Minister to Russia

1862, November Resigned as Minister to Russia

1866 Elected to U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania

1872 Chairman of Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

1877 Retired from U.S. Senate and relinquished control of the Republican Party in Pennsylvania in favor of his son, James D. Cameron

1889, June 26 Died, Donegal, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania


0.5 Cubic Feet (, 22 reels (about 7,600 items))

Language of Materials


Ownership and Custodial History

Purchased from the Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Location of Originals

Simon Cameron Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, 2nd St. and Independence Ave., S.E., Washington, D.C. 20540, USA.

Reproduction Note

Microfilm. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1967. 22 reels ; 35 mm.

Simon Cameron Papers
4 Published And Cataloged
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the University Archives and Historical Collections Repository

Conrad Hall
943 Conrad Road, Room 101
East Lansing MI 48824 US