Doris A. Paul collection
Scope and Content
The collection contains taped interviews by Doris Paul of Navajo Marines who served as code talkers during World War II. Also interviewed were members of the Navajo Nation government and cultural institutions, a U.S. Marine 4th Division Reunion Chairman, and Philip Johnston, the initiator of the code talker program. The interviews were used for writing her book "The Navajo Code Talkers" (1973). Also included is a taped recording of a banquet in 1975 honoring the code talkers following the Tournament of Roses parade.
There is also correspondence between Paul and the University Archives including her notes. The correspondence, which has been redacted, contains background information about the interviews. The archivists' notes include details about the quality of the recordings and the content of the interviews.
- 1971 - 2015
- Paul, Doris Atkinson (Interviewer, Person)
- Anderson, Eugene, 1911- (Interviewee, Person)
- Balbos, E. J. (Interviewee, Person)
- Benally, John Ashi, 1917-1980 (Interviewee, Person)
- Blatchford, Paul H., 1917-2003 (Interviewee, Person)
- Brown, John, Jr., 1921-2009 (Interviewee, Person)
- Burr, Sandy, 1924-1997 (Interviewee, Person)
- Cannon, Lee (Interviewee, Person)
- Claw, John (Interviewee, Person)
- Draper, Teddy (Interviewee, Person)
- Evans, Ted (Interviewee, Person)
- Gorman, Carl Nelson, 1907-1998 (Interviewee, Person)
- Hickman, Dean, 1914-1982 (Interviewee, Person)
- Holiday, Samuel, 1924- (Interviewee, Person)
- House, Lloyd (Interviewee, Person)
- Johnston, Philip, approximately 1892-1978 (Interviewee, Person)
- King, Jimmie Kelly (Interviewee, Person)
- Link, Martin (Interviewee, Person)
- McCabe, William, 1913-1969 (Interviewee, Person)
- Nakai, Raymond (Interviewee, Person)
- Sandoval, Peter (Interviewee, Person)
- Silversmith, Sam, 1923-2001 (Interviewee, Person)
- Smith, Albert (Interviewee, Person)
- Thompson, Frank Tsosie, 1920-2008 (Interviewee, Person)
- Wilson, William Dean, 1923-1999 (Interviewee, Person)
Language of Materials
Some of the materials are in Navajo.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish material from this collection must be obtained from University Archives & Historical Collections, Michigan State University.
Doris A. Paul was born in Upland, Indiana. She received her Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music Education degrees from Taylor University and pursued her education in music at Northwestern University and at the University of Michigan, where she received her Master of Music degree. She has pursued a career both as a writer and a musician.
Paul's work has been extensively published, including articles in periodicals such as Music Journal, Today's Health, and the New York Times. Paul wrote the book "The Navajo Code Talkers" in 1973.
1 Cubic Feet (6 folders, 12 cassettes)
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
All of the cassette tapes have been digitized.
Donor(s) have transferred any applicable copyright to Michigan State University but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright was not transferred. Copyright restrictions may apply. Property Rights: Michigan State University.
Processing began in 2001. During that period, it appears that a review of the tapes was done. The notes from this are included in this collection. Final processing and cassette digitization was completed in 2015.
Some correspondence between Paul and the Director of the University Archives was included to provide background information about the interviews and quality of the recordings, as well as an explanation about the disposition of the other tapes and materials. The correspondence was redacted to remove personal information and discussion of copyright.
- Doris A. Paul Collection
- 4 Published And Cataloged
- M. Wilcox
- September 2015
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.